The LAPL (Light Aircraft Pilot Licence) enables the holder to act as the pilot in command of a single-engine piston light aircraft with a maximum take-off mass of 2,000kg or less, carrying a maximum of 3 passengers. A LAPL holder will fly non-commercial operations, and must not be paid for flying.
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The PPL (Private Pilot Licence) entitles the holder to act as pilot in command (PIC) on aeroplanes in the UK providing the holder has the correct ratings. As suggested in the title of the licence, it is a ‘Private’ licence and is purely for private flying only, not for commercial operations that lead to remuneration.
A multi-engine rating, as the name suggests allows either a Private Pilot Licence or Commercial Pilot Licence holder to fly a multi-engine piston aircraft. Under an ‘intense’ modular course or a fully integrated course, this rating is generally combined with the students Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) training, or Instrument Rating course.
For anyone wishing to fly aerobatics now in an EASA aircraft they must complete an EASA Aerobatics Rating. If you are planing to fly an experimental aircraft or other type not classed as EASA, such as a warbird then you will not require the rating, however it is now widely regarded as the standard for aerobatic flight.
A tail wheel aircraft is a type of light aircraft that only has two main wheels as part of it’s landing gear, with an additional smaller wheel on the tail. Inevitably a tail wheel aircraft tends to sit backwards on to it’s rear tail wheel.
There is no such thing as a tailwheel ‘rating’ but if you would like to fly a tailwheel type aircraft then you will be required to under go ‘differences training’ to convert to the aircraft type as it usually has very different taxiing and landing characteristics.